ƒoƒCƒIƒeƒNƒmƒƒW[‚ÆŽY‹Æ

’†‘Œê,“ú–{Œê,‰pŒê@@’†‘Œêƒsƒ“ƒCƒ“‚`‚a‚b‡

aidemenjiangjiefa, 䈓¿–å~‰ð–@,ƒGƒhƒ}ƒ“–@,Edmen degradation

anjiduan,( Ÿƒ/ˆÀ)Šî’[,ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_––’[,N-terminal

anjisuanxuliefenxi,( Ÿƒ/ˆÀ)ŠîŽ_“I˜—ñ•ªÍ,ƒAƒ~ƒmŽ_”z—ñ•ªÍ,amino acid sequencing

bianyingyuan, •Ï‰žŒ¹,ƒAƒŒƒ‹ƒQƒ“,allergen

biaoxianzaiti, •\Œ»Ú‘Ì,”­Œ»iƒGƒNƒXƒvƒŒƒbƒVƒ‡ƒ“jƒxƒNƒ^[,expression vectors

biaozhiijyin, •WŽŠîˆö,•WŽ¯ˆâ“`Žq/ƒ}[ƒJ[DNA

bingansuan, •¸(Ÿƒ/ˆÀ)Ž_,ƒAƒ‰ƒjƒ“,alanine

chaogaosulixin, ’´‚‘¬—£S,’´‚‘¬‰“S–@,ultra centrifugation

chendianwu, ’¾“b•¨,’¾“a•¨Ž¿,pellete

chenjiangsudu, ’¾~‘¬“x,’¾~‘¬“x,sedimentation rate

chuansuozaiti, úžˆÚ‘Ì,ƒVƒƒƒgƒŠƒ“ƒOƒxƒNƒ^[,shuttling vectors

cujinzi, ‘£iŽq,ƒGƒ“ƒnƒ“ƒT[,enhancer

dengdiandian, “™“dêy, “™“dêy,isoelectric point

dianchongcaozuofa, “dÕ‘€ì–@,ƒGƒŒƒNƒgƒƒ|ƒŒ[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“,electroporation

dianfenmei, “b•²i“Ñ–ˆj,ƒAƒ~ƒ‰[ƒ[,amylase

dianheshu, “d‰×”,ƒ`ƒƒ[ƒW,charge

dianyong, “d‰j,“d‹C‰j“®, electorophoresis

dongwuyongyimiao, “®•¨—p‰u•c,“®•¨—pƒƒNƒ`ƒ“

duandianbiaoshifa, ’[“_•WŽ¦–@,ƒGƒ“ƒhƒ‰ƒxƒŠƒ“ƒO,end-labeling

duiyingxingde, ‘Ήž«“I,‘Š•â“I‚È,complementary

duofen, ‘½(“Ñ•ª),ƒ|ƒŠƒtƒFƒm[ƒ‹,polyphenol

duojubanrutangquansuanmei, ‘½”¼“û“œ(“Ñä‡/‘S)Ž_(“Ñ–ˆ),ƒ|ƒŠƒKƒ‰ƒNƒ`ƒ…ƒƒi[ƒ[,polygalacturonase

fenziliangdaxiaodebiaoshiwu, •ªŽq—ʑ召“I•WŽ¯•¨,•ªŽq—ʃ}[ƒJ[,molecular weight markers

fuzhizaiti, •œ§Ú‘Ì,ƒAƒ“ƒvƒŠƒtƒBƒP[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“ƒxƒNƒ^[,amplification vectors

ganansuan, ŠÃ(Ÿƒ/ˆÀ)Ž_,ƒOƒŠƒVƒ“,glycine

gannraosu, Š±ï‘f,ƒCƒ“ƒ^[ƒtƒFƒƒ“,interferon

gaoxiaoyiyexiangcengxifa, ‚Œø‰v‰t‘Š‘wÍ–@,,HPLC

guahegansuan, ‰ÇŠj(ä‡/ŠÃ)Ž_,ƒIƒŠƒSƒkƒNƒŒƒIƒ`ƒh,oligonucleotides

guashengtai, ‰ÇiŒŽ¶jiŒŽ‘¾j,ƒIƒŠƒSƒyƒvƒ`ƒh,oligopeptides

hegansuan, Šj(ä‡/ŠÃ)Ž_,ƒkƒNƒŒƒIƒ`ƒh,nucleotide

hesuanlianhechengzhongzhifanying, ŠjŽ_i‹à˜Aj‡¬’†Ž~”½‰ž,ŠjŽ_˜A½’âŽ~”½‰ž,chain termination reaction

hesuantanzhen, ŠjŽ_’Tj,ŠjŽ_ƒvƒ[ƒu,nucleic acid probe

hesuanxianzhimei, ŠjŽ_ŒÀ§(“Ñ–ˆ),ŠjŽ_§ŒÀy‘f,restriction enzymes

hesuanxuliefenxi, ŠjŽ_˜—ñ•ªÍ,ŠjŽ_”z—ñ•ªÍ,nucleic acid sequencing

hetanghedanbaiti, Šj(“Ñ“‚)Šj’`”’‘Ì,ƒŠƒ{ƒ][ƒ€,ribosome

huahewu, ‰»‡•¨,ƒhƒfƒVƒ‹—°Ž_ƒ\[ƒ_,sodium dodecyl sulfate;SDS

jiaotidianyongfa, äP‘Ì“d‰j–@,ƒQƒ‹“d‹C‰j“®–@, gel electorophoresis

jiyinchongzu, Šîˆöd‘g, ˆâ“`Žq‘g‚Ý‘Ö‚¦,recomcinant DNA

jiyinku, ŠîˆöŒÉ,ˆâ“`Žqƒ‰ƒCƒuƒ‰ƒŠ,gene libraries

jiyinxuanzhi, Šîˆö‘IB, DNAƒNƒ[ƒjƒ“ƒO,gene cloning

jiyinzhiliao, ŠîˆöŽ¡—Ã,ˆâ“`ŽqŽ¡—Ã,gene therapy

jiyinzhuanyi, Šîˆö“]ˆÚ,ˆâ“`Žq“±“ü,gene transfer

jiyinzhunzhidongwu, Šîˆö“]B“®•¨,ƒgƒ‰ƒ“ƒXƒWƒFƒjƒbƒN“®•¨

jubingxian, ãڕ¸m‰ÎŠónmŒŽˆÀn,ƒ|ƒŠƒAƒNƒŠƒ‹ƒAƒ~ƒh,poliacrylamide

judaxibao, ‹‘å×–E,ƒwƒeƒƒJƒŠƒIƒ“,heterokaryons

kangchongxing, R’Ž«,ŠQ’Ž’ïR«

kelong, Ž—²,ƒNƒ[ƒ“,clone

laiansuan, —Š(Ÿƒ/ˆÀ)Ž_,ƒŠƒWƒ“,lsine

liangansuan, —º(Ÿƒ/ˆÀ)Ž_,ƒƒCƒVƒ“,leucine

lixianti, —±‘B‘Ì,ƒ~ƒgƒRƒ“ƒhƒŠƒA,mitochondria

lixin, —£S,‰“S–@,centrifugation

lvhuase,( Ÿƒ/—Î-Ž…)‰»(‹àF),ƒNƒƒƒZƒVƒEƒ€,CsCl

mianbingduzhiwu, –Æ•a“ŐA•¨,ƒEƒBƒ‹ƒXƒtƒŠ[‚̐A•¨

midutidulixin, –§“x’ò“x—£S,–§“xŒù”z‰“S–@,density gradient centrifugation or isopycnic centrifugation

moban, –Í”Â,ƒeƒ“ƒvƒŒ[ƒg,templates

modanbaizhi, –Œ’`”’Ž¿,–Œƒ^ƒ“ƒpƒNŽ¿,membrane protains

ningrumei, ‹Ã“ûi“Ñ–ˆj,ƒLƒ‚ƒVƒ“,chymosin

nizhuanluhesuanjiyinku, ‹t“]˜^ŠjŽ_ŠîˆöŒÉ,‹t“]ŽÊDNAƒ‰ƒCƒuƒ‰ƒŠ,cDNA library

nizhuanlumei, ‹t“]˜^(“Ñ–ˆ),‹t“]ŽÊy‘f,reverse transcriptase

nizhuanluquyanghetanghesuan, ‹t“]˜^‹Ž(Ÿƒ/—r)Šj(“Ñ“‚)ŠjŽ_,‹t“]ŽÊDNA,cDNA

qianheti, ›Æ‡‘Ì,ƒLƒƒ‰,chimera

qidongzi, ‹N“®Žq^Œ[“®Žq,ƒvƒƒ‚[ƒ^[,promoter

qiekoupingyifa, ØŒû•½ˆÚ–@,ƒjƒbƒNƒgƒ‰ƒ“ƒXƒŒ[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“,nick translation

qiongzhitang, àùŽ‰(“Ñ“‚),ƒAƒKƒ[ƒX,agarose

qiudanbai, ‹…’`”’,ƒOƒƒuƒŠƒ“

quyanghetanghesuan, ‹Ž(Ÿƒ/—r)Šj(“Ñ“‚)ŠjŽ_,ƒfƒIƒLƒVƒŠƒ{ŠjŽ_DNA

ransetijiyinku, õF‘ÌŠîˆöŒÉ,õF‘̈â“`Žqƒ‰ƒCƒuƒ‰ƒŠ,genomic library

ranseti õF‘Ì,õF‘Ì,chromosomes

renyiyinziyanshenfa, ”CˆÓˆøŽq‰„L–@,ƒ‰ƒ“ƒ_ƒ€ƒvƒ‰ƒCƒ}[ƒGƒNƒXƒeƒ“ƒVƒ‡ƒ“,randome primer extension

rexiuke, ”M‹xŽ,ƒq[ƒgƒVƒ‡ƒbƒN,heat shock

rongheliuxibao, —Z‡áŽ×–E,ƒnƒCƒuƒŠƒh[ƒ},hybridoma cells

ronghexibao, —Z‡×–E,ƒnƒCƒuƒŠƒbƒh×–E,hybrid cells

rongjunmei, —n‹Û(“Ñ–ˆ),ƒŠƒ]ƒ`[ƒ€,lysozyme

rouhuasuan, èâ‰ÔŽ_,ƒGƒ‰ƒOŽ_,ellagic acid

shaodanbaijiyin, â’`”’Šîˆö,CPˆâ“`Žq,CP gene

shejifa, ŽËŒ‚–@,ƒVƒ…[ƒeƒBƒ“ƒOƒKƒ“,shooting gun

shengwujishu, ¶•¨‹Zp,ƒoƒCƒIƒeƒNƒmƒƒW[, biotechnology

shengwuxingnongyao, ¶•¨«”_–ò,¶•¨”_–ò

shengzhangyinzi, ¶’·ˆöŽq,¬’·ˆöŽq,growth factors

shenwulunli, ¶•¨—Ï—,ƒoƒCƒIƒGƒVƒbƒNƒX,bioethics

shijunti, šƒ‹Û‘Ì,ƒoƒNƒeƒŠƒIƒtƒ@[ƒW,bacteriophagia

shuangquyanghetanghegansuan, ™Ô‹Ž(Ÿƒ/—r)Šj(“Ñ“‚)Šj(ä‡/ŠÃ)Ž_,ƒWƒfƒIƒLƒVƒkƒNƒŒƒIƒ`ƒh,dideoxy nucleotides

sulijun, ‘h—Í‹Û, ‚a‚s‹Û, Bacillus thuringiensis

suzhuxibao, hŽå×–E,hŽå×–E,host

tiandongxianan, “V“~i“ѐæjiŒŽˆÀjƒAƒXƒpƒ‰ƒMƒ“,asparagine

weizhushefa, ”÷’ŽË–@,ƒ}ƒCƒNƒƒCƒ“ƒWƒFƒNƒVƒ‡ƒ“,micro injection

xiananjian, i“ѐæjiŒŽˆÀjŒ®,ƒAƒ~ƒhŒ‹‡,amide linkage

xianbiaolinghegantuoanmei, ‘BiŒû•[jiŒû—߁jŠj(ä‡/ŠÃ)’E(Ÿƒ/ˆÀ)(“Ñ–ˆ),ƒAƒfƒmƒVƒ“ƒfƒAƒ~ƒi[ƒ[,adenosine deaminase;ADA

xianweisumei, ‘@ˆÛ‘fi“Ñ–ˆj,ƒZƒ‹ƒ‰[ƒ[,cellulase

xianxingtezheng, Œ°«“Áª,—D«Œ`Ž¿,dominant character

xibaopeiyang, ×–E”|—{,×–E”|—{,cell culture

xibaozhouqi, ×–EŽüŠú,×–EŽüŠú,cell cycle

xiushi, Cü,Cü,modified

xuanzhizaiti, ‘IBÚ‘Ì,ƒNƒ[ƒjƒ“ƒOƒxƒNƒ^[,cloning vectors

xuliefenxi, ˜—ñ•ªÍ,”z—ñ•ªÍ,sequencing

xunxihetanghesuan, u‘§Šj(“Ñ“‚)ŠjŽ_,ƒƒbƒZƒ“ƒWƒƒ[i“`—߁jRNA,mRNA

yanzhongfuhexingmianyibuquanzheng, Œµd•¡‡«–Ɖu•s‘SÇ,d˜A‡«–Ɖu•s‘SÇ,server combined immunodeficiency;SCID

yidanbaimei, iŒŽˆÎj’`”’i“Ñ–ˆj,ƒgƒŠƒvƒVƒ“,trypsin

yiliangansuan, ˆÙ—º(Ÿƒ/ˆÀ)Ž_,ƒCƒ\ƒƒCƒVƒ“,isoleucine

yinzi, ˆøŽq,ƒvƒ‰ƒCƒ}[,primers

yiquan, ‰³i“Ñ‘Sj,ƒAƒZƒgƒAƒ‹ƒfƒqƒh,acetaldehyde

youdaowu, —U“±•¨,—U“±•¨Ž¿,inducer

yuanshengzhixibao, Œ´¶Ž¿×–E,ƒvƒƒgƒvƒ‰ƒXƒg,protplasts

yuanshixibao, Œ´Žn×–E,‰‘ã×–E,primary cells

zahejishu, ŽG‡‹Zp,ƒnƒCƒuƒŠƒ_ƒ[[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“‹Zp,hybridization technology

zaiti, Ú‘Ì,ƒxƒNƒ^[,vecters

zhibianji, ’v•ÏÜ,•ÏˆÙŒ¹•¨Ž¿,mutagen

zhiti, Ž¿‘Ì,ƒvƒ‰ƒXƒ~ƒh,plasmids

zhuandao, “]“±,Œ`Ž¿“±“ü,transduction

zhuanhua, “]‰»,Œ`Ž¿“]Š·,transformation

zhuanyi, “]–ó,–|–ó,translation


•âˆâ

šd铊jŠÃŽ_‘½‘ÔŒ»Û(SNPs)
DNA»•Ð@DNA »•Ð (chip)
›’DNA•Ð’i•úÝˆêŒÂŒÂ”ñí”÷×“I¬Žì(beads)
Œ÷”\Šîˆö (functional genes)
–ÍŽ®¶•¨ (model organisms)
Ž©“®’²ß (homeostasis)A
·ˆÙ«â¿‘I–@ (differential screening)
’`”’Ž¿˜—ñ„Ÿ¥–@ (oligonucleotide probe derived from protein sequence)
–Ɖu⿑I–@ (immuno-screening)
™ˆŒ¸â¿‘I–@ (subtractive screening)
‰‰‰»•Û‘¶™½ˆæ⿑I–@ (conserve region between species or gene family)
·ˆÙ«èûŽ¦–@ (differential display)
‹U—z«uåj (false positive)C
—üŒ‹Žq (linkers)
—üŒ‹˜—ñ (serial link tags)C
‰ÇŠj(“Ñ“‚)Ž_w—ñ (oligonucleotide arraysj
”÷w—ñ (microarray)
¶•¨»•Ð (biological chips)C
Šj(“Ñ“‚)ŠjŽ_úB”½œä (RNA amplification)
‘pW•ªÍ(cluster analysis)
”½Œüš¢êy–nêy–@ (reverse dot blot)
Žî᎕W‹LŠîˆö (tumor marker)
‹}«—Ò”b•ê×–E”’ŒŒ•a (ALL)
œé’×–E”’ŒŒ•a (AML)
”ñ跊ï‹àŽ—Ò”bᎠ(non-Hodgkin's lymphoma)
Šîˆö‘gŒvŠc (human genome project)
Šîˆö–Ô— (genetic network)
”÷—±óˆöŽq (particulate factor)
™Ô”{铓I¶•¨ (diploid organisms)
Œ¸­d‘g“I•\Œ» (reduction in recombination)
˜A½š¤•ˆ (linkage map)
˜A½ŒQ (linkage group)
Šîˆö“àd‘g (recombination occurs within genes)

@

ƒoƒCƒIŠÖ˜AŽQl‘Ð

wƒoƒCƒIƒeƒNƒmƒƒW[—pŒê¬Ž«“Tx@u’kŽÐƒuƒ‹[ƒoƒbƒNƒX

w“úE‰pEŠ¿¶•¨‰»ŠwŽ–“Tx@ŒÜFo”ÅŽÐ

wƒoƒCƒIƒeƒNƒmƒƒW[‚Ì‘ñ‚­¢ŠEx@‚m‚g‚jƒ‰ƒCƒuƒ‰ƒŠ[

wˆâ“`Žq‘g‚ÝŠ·‚¦H•i‚p•‚`x@Â–؏‘“X

wˆâ“`Žq‘g‚ÝŠ·‚¦iH•¨•Òj@For Bignnrs Sciencex@ Œ»‘㏑ŠÙ

w”_Šw‚ª‚í‚©‚éBx@‚`‚d‚q‚`@Mook@’©“úV•·ŽÐ

wV“ú–{ŠO—ˆŒêŽ«“Tx@“J“¡o”ÅŽÐ

wŠ¿‰p“ú‰ÈŠwŽŒœbx@ŽO—ü‘“X

w‘势Œê—сx@‘åCŠÙ‘“X

wŒ»‘ã—pŒê•S‰Èx@‘ä˜p‘òo”ÅŽÐ